Bangladesh “deeply disappointed” as UN resolution on Myanmar shuns Rohingya
The Foreign Ministry clarified the government’s position on the resolution in a statement on Saturday, a day after the country’s permanent representative to the UN said any resolution on Myanmar will remain “incomplete” if it fails to recognize the root causes of the Rohingya crisis and make concrete recommendations to address them.
“The failure of the international community to address these root causes, even after the 2017 ethnic cleansing, has led to a culture of impunity in Myanmar, and we can see that is now playing out for other minorities. also, ”said Rabab Fatima at the press conference. UN General Assembly Friday.
Bangladesh is home to more than one million Rohingya Muslims who fled predominantly Buddhist Myanmar after decades of persecution and a brutal military crackdown described by the UN as “ethnic cleansing.”
The resolution did not include any recommendation or action on the repatriation of Rohingya Muslims to Myanmar. It also neither recognizes nor emphasizes the need to create an environment in Rakhine conducive to the safe, sustainable and dignified return of refugees, the foreign ministry said in the statement.
“The resolution also lacks determination to tackle the root causes of the Rohingya crisis through collective means. “
The UNGA on Friday sought to ostracize Myanmar’s ruling generals with an emphatic rebuke, demanding that they end the five-month-old military takeover, stop killing opponents and release jailed civilian leaders.
The 193-member body also called for an arms embargo against Myanmar and demanded unhindered humanitarian access to prevent the country from sliding into poverty, dysfunction and despair.
Passing a resolution containing those demands by 119 to 1, with 36 abstentions and 37 non-voting members, was not the overwhelming consensus its drafters initially sought. But it still represented the most widespread condemnation to date of Myanmar’s military commanders who took full control in a February 1 coup and basically ignored all efforts to restore that country’s fragile democracy. .
Citing historians, The New York Times reported that this was only the fourth time since the end of the Cold War that the General Assembly had passed a resolution condemning a military coup, and it was a rare occasion where the body also called for an arms embargo.
The yes votes included one of Myanmar’s ambassador, Kyaw Moe Tun, who speaks on behalf of the country’s fallen civilian government and defied junta orders to resign.
The only no was voiced by Belarus, which itself has been widely criticized for severely suppressing internal dissent.
Perhaps more surprisingly was the abstention from Myanmar’s giant neighbor China, which has significant investments in the country and has taken subtle steps suggesting it might accept the junta’s legitimacy, the junta said. Times.
China has opposed similar versions of the General Assembly resolution in the more powerful Security Council, where China exercises a veto as a permanent member. The 15-member council took no decisive action on the coup in Myanmar, leading to widespread frustration among many diplomats and UN rights groups.
“We were also encouraged to see specific press material from the Security Council and the PRST, which acknowledges the impacts of the coup on the repatriation of Rohingya Muslims and other displaced minorities,” Fatima said.
“It is therefore disappointing that the General Assembly is deviating from this trend in this very important resolution adopted today. It would send the wrong message.